GitLab Pages + GitLab CI/CD + Storybook + React

Let's have a have at look at Gitlab Pages. In this example, we will create a sim[ple React app, add Storybook, and publish the static Storybook pages to Gitlab Pages. Let's get started.

Create a React app

We can use crate-react-app for this

npx create-react-app storybook-pages
cd storybook-pages

Make sure everything is working.

yarn start

Add Storybook

npx Storybook init

Make sure everything is working.

yarn storybook

Now build the Storybook static pages.

yarn build-storybook

The previous command will create a folder called storybook-static. If you use VSCode and have the Live Server plugin, open the folder, select index.html and start your server.

Commit Code to GitLab

Create a new project in Gitlab called 'storybook pages and follow the instructions in the Repository section to check in your code. Be sure to add the following to your '.gitignore' file.

/storybook-static

Publish to GitLab Pages

To publish our Storybook static site to Pages, we need to use Gitlab CI. We do this by creating a file called '.gitlab-ci.yml' in the root folder of our project. When this file is committed and pushed to the remote Gitlab repository, Gitlab will kick off a build using the instruction in the file. The file has several sections; let's look at them one at a time.

image: node:latest

This command tells Gitlab which docker image to use for the build.

workflow:
  rules:
    - if: "$CI_PIPELINE_SOURCE == 'push' && ($CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG == $CI_DEFAULT_BRANCH || $CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG == 'develop')"
      when: always
    - if: "$CI_PIPELINE_SOURCE == 'push' && $CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG =~ /^feature/ && $CI_COMMIT_MESSAGE =~ /^@publish /"
      when: always
    - when: never

This command tells Gitlab we only want to trigger a build when either the Main or Develop branches are Pushed or if a Feature is Pushed with '@publish ' at the beginning of the commit message. You can get creative here.

stages:
  - setup
  - build-and-test
  - deployment
  - pages

This section defines the stages.

variables:
  PAGES_URL: 'https://jameskolean.gitlab.io/test-storybook/$CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG/storybook/'
  PAGES_MAIN_URL: 'https://jameskolean.gitlab.io/test-storybook/$CI_DEFAULT_BRANCH/storybook/'

This section sets up some variables. You will need to change these values for your environment.

setup:
  stage: setup
  cache:
    key: ${CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG}
    paths:
      - node_modules/
  artifacts:
    paths:
      - node_modules/
  script:
    - yarn

This section initializes the node modules in our container. It uses a cache to minimize downloads. Note the cache key of ${CICOMMITREF_SLUG}; this instructs Gitlab to keep a unique cache for each branch.

build:
  stage: build-and-test
  script:
    - echo "Nothing to build or test"

This section builds and tests the project. We don't have anything to build or test in the example so we will echo a message.

storybook:
  stage: build-and-test
  artifacts:
    expire_in: 2 weeks
    when: always
    paths:
      - storybook-static/
  script:
    - yarn build-storybook

This section builds the Storybook static site to the default folder.

deploy-storybook:
  stage: deployment
  script:
    - echo "This job configures an environment."
  environment:
    name: storybook/$CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG
    url: $PAGES_URL
    on_stop: remove-storybook
  only:
    - branches

This section sets up environmental variables.

remove-storybook:
  stage: deployment
  cache:
    key: 'sp-storybook'
    paths:
      - public
  script:
    - rm -rf "public/$CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG/storybook"
  when: manual
  variables:
    GIT_STRATEGY: none # needed to prevent "Couldn't find remote ref" error
  environment:
    name: storybook/$CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG
    action: stop

This section manually removes Storybook from a branch. Note that we will be deploying each Storybook branch under the root, so all are available. This will make more sense later. Just notice that we are using a project scoped cache so we can persist artifacts across builds.

pages:
  stage: pages
  cache:
    key: 'sp-storybook'
    paths:
      - public
  script:
    - if [ "$CI_COMMIT_REF_NAME" = "master" ]; then
      mkdir -p public;
      touch public/index.html;
      echo "<!DOCTYPE HTML><script>window.location.href = '$PAGES_MAIN_URL'</script>" > public/index.html;
      fi;
    - rm -rf "public/$CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG"
    - mkdir -p "public/$CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG";
    - mv storybook-static "public/$CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG"
  artifacts:
    paths:
      - public

We finally get to the point where we publish to Pages. We first pull down the project scoped cache with the previous Storybook publish for each branch. The Script section adds a page to the root that redirects to the Main branch of Storybook. Then it copies over the Storybook static site into a branch-specific path.

The complete file looks like this.

image: node:latest

workflow:
  rules:
    - if: "$CI_PIPELINE_SOURCE == 'push' && ($CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG == $CI_DEFAULT_BRANCH || $CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG == 'develop')"
      when: always
    - if: "$CI_PIPELINE_SOURCE == 'push' && $CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG =~ /^feature/ && $CI_COMMIT_MESSAGE =~ /^@publish /"
      when: always
    - when: never

stages:
  - setup
  - build-and-test
  - deployment
  - pages

variables:
  PAGES_URL: 'https://jameskolean.gitlab.io/test-storybook/$CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG/storybook/'
  PAGES_MAIN_URL: 'https://jameskolean.gitlab.io/test-storybook/$CI_DEFAULT_BRANCH/storybook/'

setup:
  stage: setup
  cache:
    key: ${CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG}
    paths:
      - node_modules/
  artifacts:
    paths:
      - node_modules/
  script:
    - yarn

build:
  stage: build-and-test
  script:
    - echo "Nothing to build or test"

storybook:
  stage: build-and-test
  artifacts:
    expire_in: 2 weeks
    when: always
    paths:
      - storybook-static/
  script:
    - yarn build-storybook

deploy-storybook:
  stage: deployment
  script:
    - echo "This job configures an environment."
  environment:
    name: storybook/$CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG
    url: $PAGES_URL
    on_stop: remove-storybook
  only:
    - branches

remove-storybook:
  stage: deployment
  cache:
    key: 'sp-storybook'
    paths:
      - public
  script:
    - rm -rf "public/$CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG/storybook"
  when: manual
  variables:
    GIT_STRATEGY: none # needed to prevent "Couldn't find remote ref" error
  environment:
    name: storybook/$CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG
    action: stop

pages:
  stage: pages
  cache:
    key: 'sp-storybook'
    paths:
      - public
  script:
    - if [ "$CI_COMMIT_REF_NAME" = "master" ]; then
      mkdir -p public;
      touch public/index.html;
      echo "<!DOCTYPE HTML><script>window.location.href = '$PAGES_MAIN_URL'</script>" > public/index.html;
      fi;
    - rm -rf "public/$CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG"
    - mkdir -p "public/$CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG";
    - mv storybook-static "public/$CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG"
  artifacts:
    paths:
      - public

Go to Gitlab > your project > CI/CD > Pipelines to monitor the build. The is a YAML linter there to help verify your pipeline file.

The Pages setting are at Gitlab > your project > Settings > Pages.

My page is https://jameskolean.gitlab.io/storybook-pages


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